Tooth decay? How to deal with it.
Dental caries is the most common disease, with which people come to the dentist. A filling is a way to restore
a tooth damaged by decay back to its proper function and shape. When a dentist gives you a filling, he or she first removes the decayed tooth material, cleans the affected area, and then fills the cleaned out cavity with
a durable and safe filling material.
Inlay and Onlay fillings
dental veneers and aesthetic fillings
intraoral camera examination
Which type of filling is best?
No one type of filling is best for everyone. What’s right for you will be determined by the extent of the repair, whether you have allergies to certain materials, where in your mouth the filling is needed, aesthetic reasons and the cost.
Different materials can be characterized as follows:
Gold fillings are made to order in a laboratory and then cemented into place with special substances to fill the cleaned-out cavity. Gold inlays are well tolerated by gum tissues, and may last more than 20 years. For these reasons, many authorities consider gold the best filling material. However, it is often the most expensive choice and requires multiple visits.
Amalgam (silver) fillings are resistant to wear and relatively inexpensive. However, due to their dark colour, they are more noticeable than porcelain or composite fillings and are not used to restore front teeth. Many people are concerned about mercury contained in amalgam, yet currently non-gamma-2 amalgams are being produced, which guarantee durable and complete bonding of mercury compounds with other components. Thanks to it they are safe and can be successfully used for side teeth.
Composite (chemically and light hardened) resins come in an extensive colour range and are therefore used where a natural appearance is desired. The filling ingredients are mixed and placed directly into the cavity, where they harden. Composites may not be the ideal material for large fillings, if there are no tooth walls or they are thin. Their disadvantage is that they can also become stained over time, especially from drinking too much coffee, strong tea, smoking tobacco, or not caring for dental health.
Porcelain fillings called inlays or onlays are produced to order in a prosthetic laboratory and then cemented into the prepared cavity. They provide the ideal reconstruction of the shape and colour of the tooth, are resistant to wear and subsequent staining. Their only disadvantage is quite a high cost.
Remember! Only the dentist may state whether there are caries changes which require conservative treatment ending with filling the cavity with one of the fore-mentioned fillings. During the examination, the dentist will use a small mirror or a special intraoral camera to check the surface of each tooth.
Seeing a dentist every half a year guarantees early detection of a disease, which enables quick, painless cure protection from serious complications.
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